The Belt and Road Initiative from a Chinese Perspective

5 999 Ft

After 500 years, the Atlantic Era is slowly coming to an end and we are witnessing the dawning of the Eurasian Era, in which China will play a very significant role. The new world order is taking shape in a process of major realignment, and in order to clearly understand the driving forces and context of geopolitical change, and to position Hungary accordingly, it is important to understand the mindsets of the new leading powers.

Levente Horváth was formerly the Hungarian Consul General in Shanghai and Senior Advisor to the Governor of the Magyar Nemzeti Bank. Currently the Director of the Eurasia Centre at János Neumann University, he uses both first-hand experience and research based on Chinese sources to provide fresh perspectives and a completely new geostrategic approach. Presenting China’s Belt and Road Initiative, which is one of the twenty-first century’s largest multilateral cooperations, from the point of view of China itself, with its 5000-year-old culture based on Confucian teachings, Chinese Geopolitical Thinking is the first comprehensive study of the subject to be originally written in Hungarian.

“This volume may be of great help in clearly identifying the processes that shape our present and future, and the intentions and opportunities of one of the world’s major players. As a result, it may also assist us in making choices that point towards cooperation and common solutions to global problems rather than conflict. China is unavoidable. Understanding China is equally inescapable. And to the latter task, Levente Horváth’s work makes a major contribution.”
Dr. habil. Gergely Salát, Sinologist


Foreword 9
Dedication 11
Acknowledgements 13
1. Introduction 15
2. An Overview of the Belt and Road Initiative 21
2.1. The Historical Background of the Belt and Road Initiative 21
2.2. The Silk Road Economic Belt and the Twenty-first Century Maritime Silk Road 28
2.3. The Five Pillars of the Belt and Road Initiative 32
3. The Roots of the Belt and Road Initiative, or the Ancient Silk Road 39
3.1. The Birth of the Ancient Land Silk Road 39
3.2. The Birth of the Ancient Maritime Silk Road 41
3.3. The Discovery of the Ancient Silk Road in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries 44
4. The Belt and Road Mindset, or the Evolution of Chinese Geopolitics 49
4.1. Western Geopolitics 50
4.2. Chinese Geopolitics 54
4.2.1. The Roots of Chinese Geopolitics 56 Chinese Military Strategists in Various Eras 57 China’s Great Sages and Philosophers from a Geopolitical Perspective 67
4.2.2. The Ramifications of Chinese Geopolitics 71 From the Founding of China to the Modern Era (221 BC – 1949 AD) 71 The Development of Chinese Geopolitics in the Modern Era 76 The Latest Era of Chinese Geopolitics 77 Chinese Geopolitics as a Discipline 82
4.2.3. The Differences between Chinese and Western Geopolitics 85
4.2.4. The Belt and Road Initiative and Chinese Geopolitical Thinking 90 Chinese Leaders and Ancient Works 91 Chinese Geopolitical Thinking and the Belt and Road Initiative 93 A Summary for Understanding the Chinese Geopolitical Mindset of the BRI 96
5. The Belt and Road Initiative, or the New Silk Road 101
5.1. The Immediate Economic Background of the BRI 101
5.2. The Belt and Road Initiative = One Belt and One Road? 106
5.3. Types of Silk Road 108
5.4. Economic Corridors from China 120
5.5. The Financial Background of the BRI 123
5.5.1. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank 124
5.5.2. The Silk Road Fund 125
6. The Belt and Road Initiative and China’s International Relations 127
6.1. Multilateral Relations Supporting the Silk Road 127
6.1.1. Case Study: The Importance of China–CEE
Cooperation in Chinese Multilateral Relations 129 Comparing China–CEE Cooperation with other Chinese Multilateral Relations 129 Chinese OFDI in Europe 132 The Importance of the CEE Region in China’s Multilateral Relations 137
6.2. International Reactions from a Geopolitical Perspective 139
6.2.1. Relations between China and the United States 140
6.2.2. Relations between China and Russia 142
6.2.3. The Washington–Beijing–Moscow Triangle 145
6.2.4. Relations between China and India 146
6.2.5. Relations between China and Japan 150
6.2.6. Relations between China and the European Union 152
6.2.7. Relations between China and Hungary 158
6.3. The Achievements of the Belt and Road Initiative, and its Future 164
7. Conclusion 169
List of Figures and Tables 177
Appendix I – The Historical Periods of China 179
Appendix II – Index of Chinese Names 181
Bibliography 185
Index 195
About the Author 199

További információk

Tömeg 0,335 kg
Méretek 22,8 × 15,2 × 1,4 cm

Levente Horváth


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